Judaism Names Of God

Old Testament Names of God


There are three primary Hebrew names of GOD in the Old Testement; GOD (Elohim), LORD (Jehovah, or Yahweh), and LORD/Master (Adonai). Beyond these, GOD is called by over eighty other compound names or descriptive titles.

The Primary Names of GOD

  • Elohim-GOD (Genesis 1:1) -The strong creator
  • Jehovah-LORD (Genesis 2:4) -The self-existing One
  • Adonai-LORD/Master (Genesis 15:2) -The Headship Name

The Compound Names – The LORD GOD – “Jehovah El and Jehovah Elohim”

  • Jehovah El Elohim (Joshua 22:22) - The LORD GOD of GODS
  • Jehovah Elohim (Genesis 2:4, 3:9-13, 21) - The LORD GOD
  • Jehovah Elohe Abothekem (Joshua 18:3) - The LORD GOD of Your Fathers
  • Jehovah El Elyon (Genesis 14:22) - The LORD, the Most High GOD
  • Jehovah El Emeth (Psalms 31:5) - LORD GOD of Truth
  • Jehovah El Gemuwal (Jeremiah 51:56) - The LORD GOD of Recompenses
  • Jehovah Elohim Tsebaoth (Psalms 59:5, Isaiah 28:22) - LORD GOD of hosts
  • Jehovah Elohe Yeshuathi (Psalms 88:1) - LORD GOD of My Salvation
  • Jehovah Elohe Yisrael (Psalms 41:13) - The LORD GOD of Israel

The Compound Names – GOD – “El, Elohim, and Elohe”

  • Elohim (Genesis 1:1) - GOD
  • Elohim Bashamayim (Joshua 2:11) - GOD in Heaven
  • El Bethel (Genesis 35:7) - GOD of the House of GOD
  • Elohe Chaseddi (Psalms 59:10) - The GOD of My Mercy
  • Elohe Yisrael (Genesis 33:20) - GOD, the GOD of Israel
  • El Elyon (Genesis 14:18, Daniel 3:26, Psalms 78:56) - The Most High GOD
  • El Emunah (Deuteronomy 7:9) - The Faithful GOD
  • El Gibbor (Isaiah 9:6) - Mighty GOD
  • El Hakabodh (Psalms 29:3) - The GOD of Glory
  • El Hay (Joshua 3:10, Jeremiah 23:36, Daniel 3:26) - The Living GOD
  • El Hayyay (Psalms 42:8) - GOD of My Life
  • Elohim Kedoshim (Joshua 24:19) - Holy GOD
  • El Kanna (Exodus 20:5) - Jealous GOD
  • El Kanno (Joshua 24:19) - Jealous GOD
  • Elohe Mauzi (Psalms 43:2) - GOD of My Strength
  • Elohim Machase Lanu (Psalms 62:8) - GOD Our Refuge
  • Eli Maelekhi (Psalms 68:24) - GOD My King
  • El Marom (Micah 6:6) - GOD Most High
  • El Nekamoth (Psalms 18:47) - GOD that Avengeth
  • El Nose (Psalms 99:8) - GOD that Forgave
  • Elohenu Olam (Psalms 48:14) - Our Everlasting GOD
  • Elohim Ozer Li (Psalms 54:4) - GOD My Helper
  • El Rai (Genesis 16:13) - GOD Seest Me
  • Elsali (Psalms 42:9) GOD, My Rock
  • El Shaddai (Genesis 17:1,2, Ezekiel 10:5) - Almighty GOD
  • Elohim Shophtim Ba-arets (Psalms 58:11) - GOD that Judgeth in the Earth
  • El Simchath Gili (Psalms 43:4) - GOD My Exceeding Joy
  • Elohim Tsebaoth (Psalms 80:7, Jeremiah 35:17&38:17) - GOD of Hosts
  • Elohe Tishuathi (Psalms 18:46&51:14) - GOD of My Salvation
  • Elohe Tsadeki (Psalms 4:1) - GOD of My Righteousness
  • Elohe Yakob (Psalms 20:1) - GOD of Israel
  • Elohe Yisrael (Psalms 59:5) - GOD of Isreal

The Compound Names – Jehovah

    • Jehovah (Exodus 6:2,3) – The LORD
    • Adonai Jehovah (Genesis 15:2) – Lord GOD
    • Jehovah Adon Kol Ha-arets (Joshua 3:11) – The LORD, the Lord of All the Earth
    • Jehovah Bore (Isaiah 40:28) – The LORD Creator
    • Jehovah Chereb (Deuteronomy 33:29) – The LORD… the Sword
    • Jehovah Eli (Psalms 18:2) – The LORD My GOD
    • Jehovah Elyon (Genesis 14:18-20) – The LORD Most High
    • Jehovah Gibbor Milchamah (Psalms 24:8) – The LORD Mighty In Battle
    • Jehovah Maginnenu (Psalms 89:18) – The LORD Our Defense
    • Jehovah Goelekh (Isaiah 49:26&60:16) – The LORD Thy Redeemer
    • Jehovah Hashopet (Judges 11:27) – The LORD the Judge
    • Jehovah Hoshiah (Psalms 20:9) – O LORD Save
    • Jehovah Immeka (Judges 6:12) – The LORD Is with You
    • Jehovah Izuz Wegibbor (Psalms 24:8) – The LORD Strong and Mighty
    • Jehovah-jireth (Genesis 22:14) – The LORD Shall Provide
    • Jehovah Kabodhi (Psalms 3:3) – The LORD My GOD
    • Jehovah Kanna Shemo (Exodus 34:14) – The LORD Whose Name Is Jealous
    • Jehovah Keren-Yishi (Psalms 18:2) – The LORD the Horn of My Salvation
    • Jehovah Machsi (Psalms 91:9) The LORD My Refuge
    • Jehovah Magen (Deuteronomy 33:29) – The LORD the Shield
    • Jehovah Makkeh (Ezekiel 7:9) – The LORD that Smiteth
    • Jehovah Mauzzam (Psalms 37:39) – The LORD Their Strength
    • Jehovah Mauzzi (Jeremiah 16:19) – The LORD My Fortress
    • Ha-Melech Jehovah (Psalms 98:6) – The LORD the King
    • Jehovah Melech Olam (Psalms 10:16) – The LORD King Forever
    • Jehovah Mephalti (Psalms 18:2) – The LORD My Deliverer
    • Jehovah Mekaddishkem (Exodus 31:13) – The LORD that Sanctifies You
    • Jehovah Metsudhathi (Psalms 18:2) – The LORD My High Tower
    • Jehovah Moshiekh (Isaiah 49:26&60:16) – The LORD Your Savior
    • Jehovah Nissi (Exodus 17:15) – The LORD My Banner
    • Jehovah Ori (Psalms 27:1) – The LORD My Light
    • Jehovah Uzzi (Psalms 28:7) – The LORD My Strength
    • Jehovah Rophe (Exodus 15:26) – The LORD (our) Healer
    • Jehovah Roi (Psalms 23:1) – The LORD My Shepherd
    • Jehovah Sabaoth (Tsebaoth) (I Samuel 1:3) – The LORD of Hosts
    • Jehovah Sali (Psalms 18:2) – The LORD My Rock
    • Jehovah Shalom (Judges 6:24) – The LORD (our) Peace
    • Jehovah Shammah (Ezekiel 48:35) – The LORD Is There
    • Jehovah Tsidkenu (Jeremiah 23:6) – The LORD Our Righteousness
    • Jehovah Tsuri (Psalms 19:14) – O LORD My Strength


(Old Testament Names of God)

Name of God – Holy Spirit

holy spirit god name
The concept of a “Spirit” that permeates the cosmos is a feature of most religions (e.g. Brahman in Hinduism and Tao in Taoism and Great Spirit among Indigenous peoples of the Americas), however the term Holy Spirit specifically refers to the beliefs held in the Abrahamic religions.


For the majority of Christians, the Holy Spirit is the third person of the Holy Trinity: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, and is Almighty God. The Holy Spirit is seen as one Person of the Triune God, who revealed His Holy Name YHWH to his people Israel, sent His Eternally Begotten Son Jesus to save them from God’s wrath, and sent the Holy Spirit to sanctify and give life to his Church. The Triune God manifests as three Persons, in One Divine Being , called the Godhead, the Divine Essence of God.


In Judaism, there are many references to The Spirit of God, Ruach HaKodesh, The Holy Spirit of YHWH, however it has rejected any idea of The Eternal God as being either Dual or Triune. The term ruach ha-kodesh (Hebrew: רוח הקודש, “holy spirit” also transliterated ruah ha-qodesh) occurs once in Psalm 51:11 and also twice in the Book of Isaiah. Those are the only three times that the precise phrase “ruach hakodesh” is used in the Hebrew Scriptures, although the noun ruach (רוח, literally “breath” or “wind”) in various combinations, some referring to God’s “spirit”, is used often. The noun ruach, much like the English word breath, can mean either wind or some invisible moving force.

However, the word Shekinah is derived from the Hebrew verb שכן, meaning literally to settle, inhabit, or dwell, which suggests the concept of a Holy Spirit, and is used frequently in the Hebrew Bible.


In Islam, the Holy Spirit (Arabic: الروح القدس al-Ruh al-Qudus, “the-Spirit the-Holy”) is mentioned several times in the Qur’an, where it acts as an agent of divine action or communication. In Hadith it is commonly identified with the angel Gabriel (Arabic Jibreel). The Spirit (الروح al-Ruh, without the adjective “holy”) is also used as the creative spirit from God by which God enlivened Adam, and inspired the angels and the prophets. The belief in Trinity, as it is defined in the Qur’an, is explicitly forbidden by the Qur’an and called a grave sin.

Bahá’í Faith

The Bahá’í Faith has the concept of the Most Great Spirit, seen as the bounty of God. It is used to describe the descent of the Spirit of God upon the messengers/prophets of God, known as Manifestations of God, and include among others Jesus, Muhammad and Bahá’u'lláh. The Bahá’í believe the Holy Spirit is a conduit through which the wisdom of God becomes directly associated with his messenger, and it has been described variously in different religions such as the burning bush to Moses, the sacred fire to Zoroaster, the dove to Jesus, the angel Gabriel to Muhammad, and the maid of heaven to Bahá’u'lláh. The Bahá’í reject the idea that the Holy Spirit is a partner to God in the Godhead, but rather is the pure essence of God’s attributes.

Further reading:


(Names of God – Holy Spirit)