Hebrew or Jewish Name of God – Yahweh ( /ˈjɑːweɪ/ or /ˈjɑːhweɪ/; Hebrew: יהוה), usually rendered Jehovah /dʒɨˈhoʊvə/ or the LORD (in small capitals), is the god of Israel in the Hebrew (Jewish) and Christian Bible. Yahweh is a modern scholarly vocalization of the name as it appears in Biblical Hebrew, where it is written without vowels as יהוה (YHWH).
Scholars see Yahweh originating in Edom, the region south of Judah. The goddess Asherah may have been Yahweh’s consort in the earliest period. Originally the main god of the Iron Age kingdoms of Israel and Judah, worship of Yahweh alone (monotheism) became entrenched in Judaism in the exilic and Persian periods.
The components of YHWH are Y, meaning roughly “he”, and HWH, which is connected with acts of creation.
HWY in Arabic is connected with falling or causing to fall, leading to an interpretation of Yahweh as a storm god whose name means “He who causes to fall” (meaning rain, lightning, and his enemies) or “He causes storms”.
Jews ceased to pronounce the name in the inter-testamental period, replacing it with the common noun Elohim, “the God”, the divine name was increasingly regarded as too sacred to be uttered, and was replaced in spoken ritual by the word Adonai (“My Lord”), or with haShem (“the Name”) in everyday speech.
Other names of the God Jehovah include:
- YHWH Tzevaot
- El Roi
- El Shaddai
- The Eternal One
(The Many Jewish or Hebrew Names Of God in the Bible and Their Meanings – Jehovah Yahweh YHWH)