Name of God – Allah (Pronounced /ˈælə/ or /ˈɑːlə/; Arabic: الله Allāh) is the Arabic for God. In Arabic, the word means simply “the God.” It is used mainly by Muslims, Arab Christians, and often by Bahá’ís, Arabic-speakers, Indonesian, Malaysian and Maltese Christians, Mizrahi Jews and Sikhs.
The term Allāh is derived from a contraction of the Arabic al- “the” and ʾilāh “deity, god” to al-lāh meaning “the [sole] deity, God” (ὁ θεὸς μόνος, ho theos monos). “Allāh” shares etymological roots with other Semitic languages, including Hebrew and Aramaic. Biblical Hebrew mostly uses the plural form Elohim, whilese the corresponding Aramaic form is ʼĔlāhā in Biblical Aramaic and ʼAlâhâ in Syriac as used by the Assyrian Church, both meaning simply “God”.
In the Sikh scriptures, Guru Granth Sahib, the term Allah (Punjabi: ਅਲਹੁ) is used 37 times.
The name was previously used by pagan Meccans as a reference to a creator deity, possibly the supreme deity in pre-Islamic Arabia.
Muslims have 99 names of Allah in the Qur’an, and Sunnah, amongst other places. There is, according to hadith, a special group of 99 names but no enumeration of them. Thus the exact list is not agreed upon, and the Names of God (as adjectives, word constructs, or otherwise) exceed 99 in the Qur’an and Sunnah. According to a hadith narrated by Abdullah ibn Mas’ud some of the names of God have been hidden from mankind, therefore there are not only 99 names of God but there are more.
These names include:
- Al-Muḥyī, the Giver of Life
- Al-Mumīt, he Destroyer, The Bringer of Death
- Al-Ḥayy, he Living
- Al-Qayyūm, the Subsisting, The Guardian
- Al-Wāğid, the Perceiver, The Finder, The Unfailing
- Al-Māğid, the Illustrious, The Magnificent
(Names of God and Their Meanings - Allah)