Name of God – Jupiter (Latin: Iuppiter) or Jove is the ancient Roman religion’s king of the gods and the god of sky and thunder. Jupiter was the chief deity of Roman state religion during the Republican and Imperial eras, until the Empire came under Christian rule. In Roman mythology, he negotiates with Numa Pompilius, the second king of Rome, to establish principles of Roman religion such as sacrifice.
Jupiter is thought to have originated as a sky god. His marker implement is the thunderbolt, and his primary sacred animal is the eagle, which held above other birds in the taking of auspices, and became one of the most common symbols of the Roman army.
As the sky-god, he was a divine witness to oaths, the sacred trust on which justice and good government depend. Many of his functions were focused on the Capitoline (“Capitol Hill”), where the citadel was located. He was the chief deity of the early Capitoline Triad with Mars and Quirinus. In the later Capitoline Triad, he was the central guardian of the state with Juno and Minerva. His sacred tree was the oak.
The Romans regarded Jupiter as the same as the Greek God Zeus, and in Latin literature and Roman art, the myths and iconography of Zeus are adapted in the name Iuppiter. In the Greek-influenced tradition, Jupiter was the brother of Neptune and Pluto, each presiding over one of the three realms of the universe: sky, the waters, and the underworld. The Italic Diespiter was also a sky god who manifested himself in the daylight, usually but not always identified with Jupiter. Their Etruscan counterpart was Tinia.
- Wikipedia Jupiter Name of God
- Names of Roman Gods and Goddesses
- Names of Ancient Roman Gods and Goddesses
(Names of God and Their Meanings - Jupiter Zeus)